Top 10 Famous Paintings and Painters That Bring These Works to Life. Painters who started a new era or accepted as the most important examples of art movements and painters who brought them to life.
The most famous works, from Picasso-signed Guernica to Johannes Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring, from Leonardo Da Vinci’s mysterious Mona Lisa to Vincent Van Gogh’s Starry Night. lucky! Don’t forget to add museums to your travel agenda this year.
Girl with a Pearl Earring, Johannes Vermeer – Famous Paintings
Known after his death, Johannes Vermeer was a painter who painted his environment. One of the most successful paintings of the 17th century German painter Vermeer was the Girl with a Pearl Earring. The innocence, impressive looks and pearl earrings of the young girl… The Girl with a Pearl Earring is also known as the “Mona Lisa of the North”. This famous work, built around 1665, is on display at the Mauritshuis Gallery in the Netherlands.
The story of the work, which is referred to as “Mona Lisa of the North” or “Dutch Mona Lisa” in many sources, was also the subject of the novel with the same name written by the US writer Tracy Chevalier in 2000. In 2003, with the same name by Olivia Hetreed, directed by Peter Webber, the main focus in the Girl with a Pearl Earring, starring Scarlett Johansson and Colin Firth, is the pearl earring in the girl’s ear.
According to the story in the movie, this earring is Jan It belongs to Vermeer’s wife and is attached to the ear of her model by Vermeer due to the unique shade she reflects on the girl’s neck. In this work of Vermeer, who is known as the master of light games and reflections, the beauty of pearl’s reflection on the skin is eye-catching! As a result of the researches on the work, it was understood that the model is not a dream product.
Thereupon, there are different rumors about the story of the painting; According to some, Girl with a Pearl Earring is the real daughter of the painter Vermeer; to some, it is a relative and, in others, it is a servant in his house. According to subsequent studies, it was observed that Vermeer’s daughter’s age was incompatible with the age of the table.
Guernica, Pablo Picasso – Famous Paintings
The city of Guernica, which was shot by 28 bombs of Nazi Germany during the Spanish Civil War, at Picasso. Cubism emerged when Louis Vauxcelles, an art critic who saw a painting by Georges Braque, used the word “small cubes” for this painting; Picasso, being one of the most important painters of the 20th century, has been one of the pioneers of the Cubism movement.
Let’s open up the heartbreaking story of Pablo Picasso’s famous work, Guernica: In 1937, there was a civil war in Spain under the direction of Francisco Franco. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini also supported Francisco Franco. Nationalist societies under Franco administration have begun to enter regions that are the Government of the Republic. The Basque Government tried to protect itself.
Guernica had an extremely important strategic place for this attack, and those who escaped from Franco’s fascist rule flocked to Guernica. Franco had approved Hitler’s trial of his weapons on Guernica, where they were very good, and they chose the day when the people were in the busiest city. On the day of the establishment of the city market, Guernica, with no military defense, was bombed for three hours. According to the statement of the Basque Government, the number of casualties was at least 1,654 and the number of injured was 889.
Pablo Picasso, who lived in Paris at the time, started drawing sketches for this painful massacre.
The Government of Spain, exiled in Paris, asked Picasso to make a painting to be exhibited at the Paris World’s Fair, but until the bombing of Guernica, Picasso could not find anything to draw. After the attack, Picasso started his drawings and created Guernica within 15 days.
It was exhibited at the Guernica Paris Fair on July 11, 1937, at the entrance of the building represented by Spain. During the period when Hitler invaded Paris, Picasso reproduced Guernica and distributed it to the public. Guernica was sent to the USA after Paris, but Picasso did not want the painting to enter the territory of Spain before the fascist order ended. The fascist order was destroyed, the Republic was established and sent to the territory of Guernica in 1981. Picasso passed away before he could see it.
When the Nazi Officer looked at Guernica and asked Picasso, “Did you do this?”, The famous painter; “No, you did,” he replied.
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is another controversial and revolutionary picture by Pablo Picasso in 1907. The work, in which five naked women are depicted, is considered one of the most important works of the Cubist movement. The USA is on display at MoMa in New York.
The Starry Night, Vincent Van Gogh – Famous Paintings
Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is one of the pioneers of the post-impressionist era. This work describes the night view of the village of Saint-Rémy de Provence, which can be seen from the window of the room where Van Gogh stayed in the sanatorium. this is one of the most important works of the famous painter. Today it is on display in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA).
Starry Night is an imaginary interpretation of the city of Saint-Remy-de-Provence, seen from the room in the mental hospital where Van Gogh stayed. After long researches, it was determined that the painting showed the sky at 04.40 on 25 May 1889. Based on the fact that the Moon is in the form of the first crescent and the planet Venus on the horizon, it is understood that the stars and planets in the painting are depicted at sunrise. In addition, a letter written by the artist at that time contains important data. In his letter to his brother Theo Van Gogh, Van Gogh says the following about The Starry Night:
“I see a field of wheat in my window with iron bars. In the morning, I watch the sunrise in all its glory. ”
Although the landscape seen in the picture is the city view seen from Van Gogh’s mental hospital room, the artist did not stick to the truth while painting, but transferred his imagination to the picture. The village and the church tower in the picture are elements created with the imagination of the artist. There is no such place in the original landscape. In his opinion, art historians Van Gogh drew these elements inspired by the architecture of his native Netherlands.
It is also clear that the iron railings in the window of the artist’s mental hospital are not included in the picture. Here, we can understand that he reflects his longing for freedom into his work. The cypress tree in the picture is a tree that is usually found in cemeteries and evokes death.
The Kiss, Gustav Klimt – Famous Paintings
The founder of the Vienna Sezession group, Gustav Klimt, completed his famous work The Kiss in 1908. Reflecting the characteristic style of Klimt, The Kiss is a depiction of a couple kissing outside of time and space. Oil painting is on the table, and lines and ornaments are also in the foreground. It is on display at the Belvedere Gallery in Vienna, Austria.
In The Kiss, two pairs of pictures are standing and kissing on the edge of a cliff. The physical effect of the man on the female body is clear; The way the neck lies and its understanding of women have turned its passion into an domination of women. The golden color surrounding the couple is inspired by the use of gold to increase the emphasis in ancient church paintings.
The figure of the woman figure in the table around her head reinforces the effect of this period on Klimt. But this still seems to be a state born out of the earth, rather than a pure spiritual state. While the flowers and greenery blooming on the edge of the cliff remind of the spring, the layer with the dark gold tone on the ground is enough to carry this immortal kiss to the stars. The man’s head has a crown of ivy. Spring flowers of Vienna adorn the woman’s head.
Although it did not have any effect during the period it was made, “Kiss”, which was adorned with spring flowers, affected the flower children of 68 and gained the reputation it deserved. One of the most beautiful stories of a surreal and passionate love born out of a flower garden and reaching the stars.
The Scream, Edvard Munch – Famous Paintings
Also known as the scream of nature, The Scream is one of four Scream paintings by Norwegian painter Edvard Munch. The first version of the oil painting he made in 1893, at the National Gallery in Oslo; The pastel version of the same date and the other oil painting version of 1910 are on display at the Munch Museum in the same city.
A human figure that looks like both a woman and a man, standing under the sky covered with yellow, orange and red, in the middle of the bridge. He stands with both hands on both sides of his head, which looks like a skull. His eyes are wide open, like a falcon, and a blood-screaming burst. Although the calm of the two people in the back, the ship that looks far away, seems normal, everything in the work has an atmosphere of fear.
The only pastel painting he made in 1895 that was in the hands of a private person was sold for $ 120 million in the USA in 2012, and he received the title of the most expensive artwork for a short time. Art historian Jill Lloyd says the best of four is the oil painting version on display at the National Gallery in Oslo.
Edvard Munch, who came to the world in 1863 as the second of five children of a poor military doctor, described his inspiration about the Scream:
“I was walking on the road with my two friends; the sun went down, i got a wave of melancholy. Suddenly the sky turned red. I stopped and leaned against the railings. The blazing sky was the blue fjord and it hung like blood and swords above the city. My friends went on the road; I seem to be standing with great anxiety and feeling an endless scream in nature. ”
The protagonist of the scream painting may be the self-portrait of the painter who lost his older sister when she was 13 years old. Art historians point to another source: a Peruvian mummy on display at the World’s Fair in Paris in 1889.
“Scream” did not only affect expressionists; Traces of Francis Bacon, like howling popes, are also visible. Andy Warhol reprinted the Scream painting in 1984 in series with eye-catching colors. Munch later continued to inspire other artists, but the most striking feature of the Scream painting is that it has become one of the mainstays of popular culture, not its influence on the subsequent artists. Today this work is more famous than the artist who created it.
Mona Lisa, Leonardo Da Vinci – Famous Paintings
Although it has been stolen many times, it is currently on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris, behind a bulletproof glass. Portrait of a 16th century oil painting illustrated with Sfumato technique on a poplar panel. The Mona Lisa of Leonardo Da Vinci, one of the most important painters of the Renaissance, still continues to be talked about with its mystery and secrets.
Mona Lisa is the most famous painting of Leonardo Da Vinci and perhaps the most famous artwork in the world. It has inspired artists and writers for generations and its copies have been made countless times. Various opinions have been put forward about the woman in the portrait, one of the most famous faces in the world.
The name used today is based on the 16th century art historian Giorgio Vasari: The painter is said to paint the wife of Florentine merchant Francesco del Giocondo. Born in 1479, Lisa married Francesco del Giocondo at the age of 16. While Leonardo was in Florence in 1503, Giocondo, a wealthy silk merchant, visited Leonardo and asked him to portray his wife, Lisa del Giocondo. He requested such an order to celebrate the house he bought and a boy born by Lisa. In Florence at that time, these were seen as sufficient reasons to order a portrait.
The most impressive thing in the painting is the liveliness in Lisa … It changes before our eyes as if it is a living being, and it looks different each time we look at it. Lisa has a smiling and serious and distant expression. His expression does not reveal himself and changes according to his perspective. In order to create this effect, Leonardo Da Vinci used the technique called “sfumato”, where the portrait deliberately blurs the edges of the mouth and eyes.
It left these spots on the face unclear by dipping them into a soft dim. Besides uncertainty, there are other factors that create this effect. The two halves of the table are not symmetrical to each other. This is noticeable in the background nature view. The horizon line on the left is lower than the right. So when she focuses on the left side of the table, the woman looks taller and more upright. His face also changes according to the direction we focus on because the two sides of his face are not the same.
The shading seen on the face and hands was used to create a three dimensional effect. The model does not have eyebrows and lashes, but screening studies have previously indicated their presence in the portrait. The pigment used by the famous painter for these details is thought to have faded or erased during cleaning.
In the back section, a path is selected to the left of the picture, and to the right is an extension resembling a dried river bed, which is thought to be the Buriano Bridge near Arezzo. The steep mountains of the landscape without vegetation are far away under the greenish-bluish sky.
The Last Supper, Leonardo Da Vinci – Famous Paintings
A subject frequently depicted by Renaissance painters: Jesus’ last dinner with his apostles the day before his arrest by Roman soldiers … The most known work of Leonardo Da Vinci after Mona Lisa; Last Supper or Last Supper.
The moment in this work of Leonardo Da Vinci, the “Last Supper”, is included in all four Bibles. In the meal that was eaten the evening before the day of the apostle Jesus was betrayed, Hz. Jesus explains that he is aware of betrayal. The astonishment and fear of the apostles in the picture is also due to this statement.
There is one more detail that is interesting in this gigantic painting, measuring four and a half to nine meters in size: Da Vinci is here Hz. As soon as he announced that Jesus was betrayed by his apostles, he reflected the shock and tension in the environment to his painting. In the picture, Hz. Jesus extends to bread and wine, which are the basic rituals of Christianity.
The Last Supper is not exhibited in any museum. It is almost impossible to transfer the picture located in a monastery in Milan, Italy to another place due to its dimensions. Da Vinci already painted this painting on the wall of the dining hall of the Santa Maria delle Grazie Monastery in 1495. Despite being painted on the wall, “The Last Supper” is not a fresco. Da Vinci refused this technique because the frescoes were made on wet plaster. He wanted the painting to shine more than frescoes, and the necessity of hurrying so that the plaster did not dry out when the fresco was also effective in not using Da Vinci’s fresco technique.
Da Vinci developed his own technique and worked with watercolor on stone. Da Vinci’s technique, which lined the wall in a way that would hold the paint and withstand moisture, was not very successful. In the 1500s, he started to grasp the paint at the beginning and lost his glitter in 50 years. Restoration work carried out in that period made the situation worse. When the vibrations created by the bombardments during the Second World War worsened the picture, the 19-year restoration work started in 1980, but after all, a small part remains from the original paint of the painting.
Fine arts and popular culture have many references and imitations to the Last Supper painting. In 16th century, keep painting reproduced with oil painting; Many artists, such as Salvador Dali, Andy Warhol, and Susan Dorothea White, tried to simulate this painting. It is possible to see the Last Supper picture live. Due to the intense visitor interest, the monastery needs to be booked at least two months in advance and it is imperative to pay attention to clothing.
The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli – Famous Paintings
The impressive beauty of Venus, born from the shell. Standing out with rich details in his works, Boticelli’s 1484 work; The Birth of Venus. The passion of the artist for beauty is poured on the canvas. With its nudes in the middle, with reference to the ancient world, this work is considered one of the greatest treasures of the Renaissance period. The Birth of Venus is on display at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
One of Botticelli’s two most well-known works is The Birth of Venus (The other is Spring Allegory (La Primavera)). The work that embodies the Florentine Early Renaissance culture with its classical style effect… A nymph is waiting for Venus with a flowered veil on the right side of the painting. The two wind gods on the left are blowing, dragging Venus to the shore of the nymph.
The roses in the table symbolize Venus. According to Greek Mythology, Kronus castrated his father Uranus and throws his genitals into the sea, and the sea becomes fertilized. As a result, Venus is born and rises on a seashell.
The Birth of Venus was ordered to Botticelli for the wedding of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco from Medicis. Botticelli combines two different mythological stories here in a single frame and presents them to the audience in an open composition. The first thing that draws our attention when we look at the picture is the magnificent female figure in the middle. Other figures are placed symmetrically. In this work, Botticelli painted nine figures and selected them all from mythology. In addition, there are more than five hundred flowers and plants showing 170 species in the painting.
The Creation of Adam, Michelangelo Buonarroti – Famous Paintings
Michelangelo Buonarroti, who is known for his ideal sculptures in his sculptures and paintings, is one of the most important artists of the Renaissance. In Christianity, the scene depicting God’s life blowing on Adam; The Creation of Adam (Creation of Adam). There is also a reference in this important work that God created Adam in his own image.
The peak masterpiece of high Renaissance painting art, which was unearthed by Italian artist Michelangelo Buonarroti from 1508-1512 during the painting and decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; The Creation of Adam (Creation of Adam). This chapel was used by the Papacy as the location of the meeting of the cardinals for important church rites and the selection of the new pope.
Sistina Chapel, Pope IV, who built his name in the chapel. Taking it from Sixtus. The chapel, whose construction began in 1477, was opened in 1483 and Pope II. Julius wanted the chapel to be animated decoratively with pictures. While the bottom floor of the three-storey walls is painted as if there were curtains right after it was built, these pictures still remain as they are pictured today.
After the chapel turned into a meeting center, it was decided to replace the ceiling with pictures with their meanings, and Michelangelo, who was famous as a good sculptor at that time, undertook the painting of the chapel’s ceiling in 1508.
Michelangelo also worked as an apprentice in a workshop that produced many works on fresco, and even apprentices in the works of the owner of the workshop in the chapel. The artist, who quickly mastered with his talent, successfully performed the task given to him between 1508-1512 and painted the ceiling of the chapel according to the Bible’s Book of Creation.
Between 1534 and 1541, Michelangelo added the Last Judgment, which tells about the Judgment Day on the big wall on the altar side of the chapel, and completed the chapel.
The Persistence of Memory, Salvador Dali – Famous Paintings
Salvador Dali is one of the most important representatives of Surrealism. The Persistence of Memory, which is unchanging in the symbolism of melting clocks and protesting the strict perception of time, is an important example of Salvador Dali’s understanding of softness-hardness.
The Persistence of Memory, a Salvador Dali painting from 1931. One of the most famous paintings of Salvador Dali, it was also known as Soft Watches or Melting Watches. The painting in the New York City Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was first exhibited in New York in 1932 and Salvador Dali sold the painting for $ 250.
This famous surreal painting on melting pocket watches was made 14 years before the artist’s transition to the scientific phase, although it was an example of the “Freud” universe in Dali’s art life. The beginning of Dali’s science-based works is based on the use of atomic bombs in 1945. A human figure in the form of a “monster” can be observed in the middle of the painting… This object used by Dali in many of his works is also perceived as the artist’s self-description. The orange clock in the lower left corner of the picture is covered with ants.
Here are the most popular and famous paintings of painters. I hope you all have the privilege of seeing the originals of these magnificent and famous paintings that will push you to a different feeling.