The year 2020 is accepted as the Beethoven Year as it is the 250th year of birth. As of December 16, 2019, events that will last for 1 year started in the city of Bonn, where Beethoven was born.
For this reason, we wanted to briefly introduce the name of even classical music.
Beethoven’s Childhood and Youth
Ludwig van Beethoven, one of the most famous and impressive composers in music history, was born on December 16, 1770 and died on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven’s talent was discovered by his father and first music teacher, Johann van Beethoven, as a child.
Johann van Beethoven knew that Leopold Mozart had great success in his tours with his son Wolfgang Amadeus. For this reason, he wanted to follow the same path.
Beethoven, who started to take organ, keyboard, violin and viola lessons besides the piano from the age of five, after his father; Gilles van den Eeden continued to work with Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer, Franz Rovantini and composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe.
He gave his first public concert in 1778.
His first composition, WoO 63, was released in 1783, with the support of Neefe, where he took the lesson variations and the first three piano sonata composing lessons. In the ongoing process, he started to work as Neefe’s assistant.
In the same period, his talent was noticed by Archbishop Maximilian Friedrich and was supported materially and spiritually by the church.
Vienna – Bonn – Vienna again
When he was 21, he moved to Vienna with the desire to work with Mozart. However, after learning about his mother’s illness, he returned to Bonn and had to take responsibility for his siblings after his mother’s death.
Beethoven, who stayed in Bonn for 5 years, met the nobles of the city and received financial support from them. In addition, he took part in many orchestras as a viola.
When he went back to Vienna in 1792, he learned that Mozart died and continued his work with famous composer Joseph Haydn.
During this period, he began to gain fame not as a composer but as a virtuoso pianist.
Beethoven has 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 1 piano-violin-cello, triple concerto, 32 piano sonata, 16 string quartets and an opera called Fidelio. In addition, the composer has a large number of chamber music works.
Beethoven, who composed his first symphony in 1800, dedicated his third symphony, also known as Eroica, to Napoleon Bonaparte because it brought democracy to Europe. But Napoleon withdrew his dedication after declaring himself an emperor.
The 9th symphony, one of the best known symphonies of the composer, is used as the European Union Anthem.
Music Tradition of Beethoven
The music expressiveness and music technique of Beethoven, which developed the principles it inherited from Haydn and Mozart and created a unique music language, was at a high level.
The famous composer, known for his meticulousness, wrote long compositions and created more dramatic and passionate works compared to many of the other composers both before and during his time.
Beethoven, one of the most important representatives of the transition from the classical period to the romantic period in classical music, according to many music historians, Op. He started the romantic period with 109 piano sonata.
Hearing problems of the composer who had health problems throughout his life started in 1801. In 1817, he was completely deaf.
This did not hinder Beethoven’s musical ability. In 1811, he stopped conducting the conductor and giving public concerts, but continued to write his compositions. Even the composer composed his famous 9th symphony after he was deaf.
Beethoven died in 1827 because of cirrhosis.